Drug trafficking includes trade of illegal drugs. These drugs are produced in one region of the globe and then through a well articulated network get traded to different corners of the world. According to a report published by United Nations Research Institute for Social Development in 1994, most of these illegally drugs are being produced in the lesser developed countries and then are being traded to the more affluent and developed nations. The same report also claimed that every region does not produce all the kinds of major illicit drugs, rather each region produces one or two major illicit drugs and then moves them to other parts through a strong distribution channel. Another report by United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC), confirms the research work and findings by United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. According to UNODC, the major illicit drugs that are being produced and traded are cocaine, opium, cannabis and heroine. UNDOC’s report suggests that the countries that are involved in the production and trafficking of the illicit drugs are Bolivia, Columbia, Morocco, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan and Afghanistan. UNODC’s reports in 2010 and 2013 suggest that Columbia and Bolivia and Columbia are the hubs for cocaine production, opium and cannabis are mostly produced in Morocco and Afghanistan, while Iran and Turkey contribute to the heroine production. Pakistan acts as the trafficking hub due to its strategic global position.
Drug trafficking has a tremendous social impact. It breaks the spine of the society. Drug trafficking provides a mean to earn easy money for the section of population belonging to the lowest stratum of the socio economic strata. As the unemployed work force of the world is rising steeply, more and more and young adults are getting involved into drug trafficking and thus are getting lost into the dungeons of drug peddling.
Every year millions of dollars are being spent to curb drug trafficking and for the rehabilitation of the drug addicts, however the results are not encouraging. Though, according to the recent report by UNODC, cocaine and heroine production has been curbed down but the fact is that these drugs are still available in huge quantities. One of the reasons of the failure of the control measures is the poor economic condition in the underdeveloped countries along with the profitability of trafficking of illegal drugs. Thus, if drug trafficking has to be eliminated from the roots then all the nations have to come together with a plan to eliminate the drug peddlers and their distribution channels, and along with, a policy framework must be drawn to develop the underdeveloped countries so as to improve the conditions of the farmers and to bring down the percentage of unemployed work force. Only then, drug trafficking could be eliminated or otherwise, the whole world will be entangled in the cob web of drug trafficking.
Drug trafficking is one of the global issues being fought against by many parts of the world. It is indeed an international concern and it doesn’t seem to end any time soon. Well, drug dealing is basically the exchange of drugs that have been illegalized with an anticipation of getting money. This is a universal black market that goes beyond what can merely be seen as a trading of illegal drugs. Because of the high price tags, it has ruined major economies. This is just one of the many effects that it has.
What comprises drug trafficking
Just like in any market, there is always a willing buyer and a willing seller. Drug dealing is committed to the cultivation, production, distribution and the selling of drugs that have been prohibited by the law. Most authorities prevent trade of many kinds of drugs with the use of laws that prohibit the same. However, the war against drug trafficking seem to overweigh those against it.
There is always a catch in this trade. A lot of money is involved and this is notably one of the biggest things that have made some people very wealthy. However, this has been at the expense of the drug users. Young people have fallen prey to drug traffickers who sell the drugs to them. Most of the people involved are very influential individuals in the society and apparently, there is almost no fear while trading since the process is made a secret between the dealers and the buyers.
Drug trafficking effects
There have been a lot of effects associated with drug trafficking. The poor and vulnerable have been the most vulnerable. The drugs cost a fortune and when an individual cannot afford, they can do anything to get them – especially when they are addicted to them.
The lives of many youth have been ruined through drug trafficking. They have increasingly become the main abusers of the substances and as a result, their life losses focus and meaning. It now shifts to a societal issue. A lot of overdependence is created in the communities while the drug traffickers live lavished lives.
Drug trafficking is therefore a global illicit selling and buying of illegal drugs. The evil has taken very complicated shifts and it seems to overpower the authorities. However, there is always a solution to any kind of challenge. As a result, the causes of drug trafficking have continuously been monitored and checked. This has been done with an aim of addressing it.